The last of the irregular verbs in our Korean irregular verbs series are the ㅅ irregular verbs, irregular verbs with ㅅ as the last consonant in their stem.

Irregular Spelling Exception

We have spent a long time talking about irregular Korean verbs, but we have reached the end in the series with the final group of verbs, the The last of the irregular verbs: the ㅅ irregular verbs. Like all previous irregular verbs, this group is named after the final consonant of its verb stem which is a ㅅ.

As most irregular verbs, the ㅅ irregular verbs start acting weird when they are used with verb endings starting with a vowel. If that happens, these verbs will omit the ㅅ. When the verb ending starts with a consonant, however, the verbs will act like any other regular verb.

However, the irregularities do not stop there. This will create an additional irregularity, a spelling irregularity. Normally when a verb stem ends with a vowel and the verb ending starts with a vowel these vowels combine. When dealing with ㅅ irregular verbs this does not happen, the vowels do not combine. This behavior, of course, will make it very easy to spot these verbs.

  • 배우다 + 어요 = 배워요 > Regular verb; vowels combine.
  • 붓다 + 어요 = 부어요 > ㅅ irregular verb; vowels do not combine.

The ㅅ irregular verbs are a limited group of irregular verbs with the extra difficulty since quite few verbs that may look like a ㅅ irregular verb are in fact quite regular. Some of the regular ㅅ verbs are: 벗다 (to take off), 웃다 (to laugh) and 씻다 (to wash).

ㅅ Irregular Verb Chart

The ㅅ irregular verb chart

The Final List

As we end our journey exploring the Korean irregular verbs, so will I end making the short lists with the irregular verbs of those groups. The final list short list is reserved for the ㅅ irregular verbs. The verbs I chose for this list are: 잇다, 낫다, 붓다, 긋다, 젓다 and 짓다. As always you can learn these with me using this Memrise course.

Now that I am wrapping this series up I also created a long Memrise course with all the verbs that I have mentioned during this series. I hope the longer extra long Memrise course will help you expand your vocabulary. If you know any Korean irregular verb I have not mentioned tell me in the comments below and I will add it to the list. Let us make our Korean verb knowledge great again!


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Nick is a someone who enjoys exploring new and different things. 2 years ago when he met his Korean friends he decided to go for it and learn Korean. Now he is struggling with the language while sharing an apartment with his Korean roomie.

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